Following the success of the Golden Parade, Egypt ought to ask again for all its stolen antiquities. In fact, In 2005, Dr. Zahi Hawass, former Minister of State for Antiquities Affairs, requested the return of five of our ancient antiques from the Boston museum and other European museums. However, Their response was “African countries aren’t capable of preserving their heritage.” to which Dr. Zahi Hawass replied saying Egypt is capable of taking care of its antiques and it’s building the Grand Egyptian Museum.
The stolen antiques are the Rosetta Stone at the British Museum, the Nefertiti Bust (1345 BCE) located in Berlin’s Neues Museum, the Dendera Zodiac Sculpture (ca. 50 BCE) in the Louvre Museum, a Statue of Hemiunu (Old Kingdom) at the Roemer and Pelizaeus Museum in Hildesheim, Germany, and a Bust of Prince Ankhhaf (ca. 2520-2494 BCE) located in the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston. The Rosetta Stone, the Bust of Nefertiti, and the Dendera Zodiac Sculpture are the most important antiques that Dr. Zahi Hawass stressed and asked for several times.
1. The Rosetta Stone:
This stone is part of a larger stone, and it shows a decree written in three different types of writings: Hieroglyphs, Demotic (the language of people), and Ancient Greek (the language of the administration). Back when it was used, Egypt was ruled by Greco-Macedonian rulers who ruled after Alexander the Great. This stone is an official decree issued by King Ptolemy V (204-181 BC). It was copied on a large stone column called stelae which were put in every temple in Egypt. It says that every temple in Memphis (Egypt) supports the King, and the Rosetta stone is one of these stelae. This stone is important because Ancient Greek can be used to decipher the Hieroglyphs. Unfortunately, it was stolen when Napoleon Bonaparte campaigned Egypt from 1798 to 1801, and the British took it when Napoleon was defeated. It’s now placed in the British Museum in London, England.
2- The Bust of Nefertiti (18th Dynasty, Egypt):
The Bust of Nefertiti, one of the first ranking works of Egyptian art,wastaken by the German archaeological team in 1912. It was presented in several museums in Germany, and there were several disputes over this bust for several years. It was forbidden for any archaeologist who discovered any tomb in Egypt to take anything! It was taken and hidden for 10 years, and then it was exhibited in public. This is why Dr. Zahi Hawass asked for it back, but they refused and insisted that the statue is owned by the Neues Museum in Berlin, Germany.
3-The Dendera Zodiac Bas-relief (ca. 50 BCE):
It was dedicated to Osiris at the temple of Dendara. It encloses a lot of zodiac signs as Ancient Egyptians back then considered these signs as a star map. It also shows the five planets known to Egyptians in alignment as they occur once a year besides the solar and lunar eclipse. It was taken by the Napoleon campaign of Egypt, and it wasn’t returned. Currently, It’s placed in the Louvre Museum in Paris, France.
The importance of these antiques is world-widely known. It’d be a delight to have them back where they belong. It’s very obvious that Egypt knows how to care for its own antiquities as opposed to these false allegations. The Golden parade and museums built all over Egypt are live proof of that.