Mental Illnesses: Acquired or Hereditary?

There are a variety of contributing factors to the onset of a mental illness researchers have uncovered that should be addressed.



Have you ever stopped to think whether people are born with a built-in mental disorder that strikes up at birth or unconsciously acquired it out of the environmental factors that pummel them on a daily basis? In point of fact, environmental surroundings and certain genes both play a key role in wreaking havoc with one’s life and fluctuate each day to the point of exhaustion, where you feel yourself falling into a dark hole of aching that never ends.

GENETIC CREDENCE:

Mental illness is nowadays stated as a mysterious group of symptoms that has become epidemic in the society to a huge extent. The belief that chronic mental disorder is an inherent and biologically fixed human property and that people are “born that way” is actually supported by scientific evidence and veritable facts. Heritage of particular disorders severely teases health hazards deep inside one’s conscious. As you sometimes see when somebody has a family history concerning a specific disorder, they then have a higher chance to inherent said disorder from parents or ancestors, it literally lies in the genes.

To avoid inaccurate generalization, the National Institute of Mental Health Researchers has found solid evidence for the hereditary transmission of mental illnesses. Scientists there believe that most mental illnesses are caused by the interaction of abnormal genes. Researchers from the Cross Disorder Group in the Psychiatric Genomic Consortium (PGC) have detected the five prime disorders that might be related to the patrimonial genetic diversity and include risk versions of two genes that control the flow of calcium into cells. These five disorders are:

  • Autism
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Severe Depression
  • Schizophrenia

The researchers tested generic data from thousands of people and compared it to another range of people who don’t actually have these conditions, in order to clearly recognize whether these variations are correlated to genetic disorders or not. Surprisingly though, genetic analysis reveals a large degree of overlap between certain disorders;

  • Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder 15%
  • Bipolar Disorder and Depression 10%
  • ADHD and Depression 10%
  • Schizophrenia and autism 3%

Thanks to the largest genome-wide analysis of its kind, we now have an overall clarification for 17-28% of mental illness risks!

These statistics definitely help in the early understanding of people’s behavior and provide a valid response to whoever is about to make certain decisions related to the area. For example, if parents are capable of preventing the birth of a child in an inappropriate environment with birth defects or severe medical problems and these type of issues.

ACQUIRED TRAITS CREDENCE:

There have been studies supporting the other hypothesis as well. Some disorders are often developed and learned due to myriad of other factors that have been linked to mental illness such as environment, circumstances, and psychological factors which have an earnest effect on one’s life where it ends with them crying alone, silently at 3:00AM, or even committing suicide. Constant disappointment from life’s snags might frequently lead to mental and other neurological problems and a lack of belief in themselves as well, and hence, social acquisition of certain disorders takes place.

Some mental illness might be triggered by psychological trauma because of stressful life situations, social isolation, having no close people, neglect, huge loss or poor ability to cope with others which weigh a person down and makes them quick to complain about the slightest things with which they no longer have any tolerance. It damages their lives, makes them lose interest in things they like, makes them feel worthless, causes overeating or appetite loss, trouble in concentrating and eventually suicide attempts.

Certain environmental stressors that may also contribute to mental illness include family conflicts, social expectations, financial problems, poverty, or considerable life changes which are so debilitating and have put strain that controls so many different aspects and screws up the person involved. If treated from the early beginning, it causes them to have less problems as adults, and at this point, public awareness plays its significant role.

Moreover, some people still haven’t grasped that mental illness is real and that their words have an effect on others. They let their insecurities show way too much nowadays and unfortunately take it out on those around them, so it’s pretty important to combat their mischievous and poisonous ideology, because simply leaving footprints of kindness and compassion is supposed to be what people do.

PREVENTION OF MENTAL ILLNESS:

It’s still possible to end that constant war in your own mind trying to scrape out what is actual reality from your perception, it’s still conceivable by following a routine medical treatment, having check ups every now and then, getting the help you feel you might need, working out, sticking to a sleeping schedule, eating healthy food, being surrounded by comfortable people who don’t pressure you, and most importantly, avoiding careless behavior towards mental health care. Always know that it’s okay to be not okay, it’s okay to take a long time in recovering. It’s all about beating out mental illness stuff that often holds you back from self care and finding that balanced, satisfying life.

All in all, valid evidence exists for both theories and there have been studies supporting the two cases. What should be taken into consideration is that awareness is the one thing needed to lead the world and solve major imminent problems and at the end there’s nothing to be ashamed of in looking out for yourself.

References:

https://www.webmd.com/mental-health/news/20130811/genetic-overlap-seen-in-five-mental-disorders

https://www.nimh.nih.gov/news/science-news/2013/five-major-mental-disorders-share-genetic-roots.shtml

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/mental-illness/symptoms-causes/syc-20374968